Different Forms, Names of Indonesian Farmers' Hat: from Seraung to Caping

Different Forms, Names of Indonesian Farmers' Hat: from Seraung to Caping

"Seraung", cone-shaped sun hats, usually worn by Dayaknese farmers in West and East Kalimantan provinces. | Photo: Jubaidah.

CONICAL hat, cone-shaped hat, farming hat, and farmers' sun hat are just synonyms. 

This sort of hat can be found in several Asian countries with different forms and names, and so does in Indonesia.

Indonesian Javanese simply call it "caping", whereas people from other ethnic groups have their respective names referring to such hats.

A farmer wearing the hat to protect her/his head from the sun's ultraviolet rays. 

A farming hat is generally made out of woven bamboo strips, but in other places, people create it by using palm and screwpine or pandan leaves.

Below are kinds of farmers' sun hats in Indonesia:


Colorful beads and fabrics attached as decoration of "seraung". | Photo: Anci Laing.

This type of palm leaf conical hats worn by Dayaknese farmers. Dayak is one of native ethnic groups of Borneo Island, especially those who live in Kalimantan, the Indonesian portion of the island.

What makes a seraung looks different from other sorts of farming hats is its decoration. Dayaknese add colorful fabrics or beads on the outer surface of the hat. 

Other seraungs also created only by using different colors palm leaves and rattan strips, giving them kind of natural sense in the ornaments.


Banjarese women wearing "tanggui" sun hats during their activites on River Martapura, Banjar, South Kalimantan. | Photo: Adi Murdani.

It is wide, semicircular sun hat worn by Kalimantan's Banjarese farmers and merchants. 

Tanggui wearers in large can be seen, for example in Lok Baintan and Muara Kuin floating markets (in Banjar regency and Banjarmasin City.)

Just like Dayaknese's seraung, Banjarese also create the tanggui out of palm leaves. 


"Tudung" sun hats created by locals in a district of Aceh province. | Photo: Steemit.

Farmers in Aceh, Indonesia's westernmost province, create the tudung by using woven pandan leaves. 

Fahrurrazi, 43-year-old man who lives in Meulaboh district, Aceh, told grapena.com that tudung can also be made from bamboo's outer layer or bamboo strips.

"My mother sells such hats", he texted.

Locals usually create the tudungs into two forms: blunt conical, and wide circular with a cone in the center.


Tea plantation workers in Cianjur, West Java wearing "dudukuy" hats. | Photo: Blue Avonturir.

It is traditional sun hat worn by farmers and farmhands in West Java. 

The dudukuy comes in different shapes and sizes. A tea-picker usually wears a wider and fairly plain dudukuy, while a farmer in rice field puts on a cone-shaped one.

Most of dudukuys are made out of bamboo strips.


"Caping" conical hat makers in Jember, East Java. | Photo: Mustofa.

"Caping" refers to woven fine-bamboo-strips sun hat worn by Javanese farmers, either in central or eastern parts of Java Island.

Apart from their varied sizes, the capings are, in general, nearly similar in shapes: conical.

Some caping makers also attach imitation or artificial leather on its top and edge trim.[sahrudin]
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